First Aid Checklist

Information provided by Dr. Amanda House, Veterinarian of UF Large Animal Internal Medicine, Clinical Assistant Professor, DACVIM, Equine Extension Specialist and Course Director of the Practice-Based Equine Clerkship Program.

Know Your Normals

Adult Horse

  • Temperature 99-101.5 F
  • Heart rate 28-48 beats per minute
  • Respiratory rate 10-20 breaths per minute
  • Pink gums
  • 6-10 piles of well formed manure per 24 hours


  • Temperature 99-102 F
  • Heart rate 80-102 beats per minute
  • Respiratory rate 20-40 breaths per minute
  • Pink gums
  • Nursing 4-6 times per hour
  • 2-4 piles of pasty manure per 24 hours [/right]

First Aid Supplies

  • Thermometer
  • Stethoscope
  • Flashlight
  • Scissors
  • Latex gloves
  • Wound dressing
  • Shoe pullers and rasp
  • Phenylbutazone (“Bute”)
  • Cold pack
  • Poultice
  • Antiseptics (Nolvasan®, Chlorhexidine, Betadine®)
  • Soap
  • Eye wash
  • Hoof pick and knife
  • Bottles of sterile saline
  • PVC pipe for splinting
  • Elastikon®
  • 3M Vetwrap®
  • Gauze pads (4 x 4)
  • Roll gauze or kling
  • Sheet and roll cotton
  • Standing wraps/quilts
  • Adhesive tape and duct tape
  • Clippers[/right]

Be sure emergency contact phone numbers are accessible.

The UF Large Animal Hospital veterinarians treat equine and large animal patients from the Gainesville, Ocala and Jacksonville areas, including Alachua and Marion Counties in Florida, and our clients come from all over the United States. Contact us to make an appointment.

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